Bijia Chen publishes comment on jinshenlu 縉紳錄 as a source

At the end of 2019, Bijia Chen published an extensive note in the Qing History Journal (清史研究) on the importance of the jinshenlu 縉紳錄 as a source of information on the Qing Civil Service, providing clarification and explanation in response to some possibly misleading points made in a 2018 清史研究 article. The full reference for and link to Bijia’s article are below.

陈必佳 (Bijia Chen). 2019. 再论《缙绅录》记载的准确性及其史料价值 (Re-visiting the Accuracy and the Robustness of the Jinshenlu as an Historical Source), 清史研究  (The Qing History Journal), 2019 (4) 129-133.


Lee-Campbell Group celebrates Xiao Xing’s retirement and contributions


James Lee and Xiao Xing

On December 13, 2019, the Lee-Campbell Group held a dinner in Beijing in honor of Xiao Xing, who retired in 2018 after working with us for 20 years.

Xiao Xing was the first coder we engaged in mainland China in 1998 after we decided to move our data entry there. She helped enter material for many of our databases, including but not limited to the CMGPD-LN, CMGPD-SC and more recently the CGED-Q. She also helped with the training of new coders. Her feedback also played a role in the specification of protocols for data entry.

James Lee, Cameron Campbell, Bijia Chen and our coders in Beijing.

It has been a tremendous pleasure to work with Xiao Xing for two decades. We are grateful for all of her contributions and wish her the best in her retirement.


CGED-Q 1900-1912 Jinshenlu public release workshop held at Central China Normal University

Participants at the workshopWe held a workshop on July 20-22 at Central China Normal University to introduce the China Government Employee Database-Qing (CGED-Q) Jinshenlu 1900-1912 public release. The workshop was co-organized by the Renmin University Institute of Qing History, the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Division of Social Science, and Central China Normal University, and the local organizer was the Central China Normal University School of History and Culture. Faculty and students from HKUST, Renmin University, Central China Normal University and other institutions made presentations introducing the public release and other major databases, providing examples of applications, and explaining how to load the data into major statistical packages. The participants included 34 postgraduate students from a variety of institutions in the mainland and elsewhere, a number of guests from Central China Normal University and other institutions in Wuhan. The program is below.

时间 内容 主讲人
7月19日 14:00-18:30 报到
7月20日 9:00 开幕式
9:30 合影
9:45  《中国历史官员量化数据库――清代》(以下简称CGED-Q)项目的历史、现状和未来 康文林,任玉雪
10:15 介绍人民大学清史研究所数字清史实验室(清史数据共享平台) 胡恒
10:45 休息15分钟
11:00 华中师大的大数据历史研究的源起 马敏、付海晏
11:30 李中清—康文林团队其他相关科研项目介绍 李中清、任韵竹
12:30 午餐
14:00 CGED-Q项目介绍第一节


15:00 CGED-Q项目介绍第二节


16:15 清代《缙绅录》的内容来源与出版过程 阚红柳
16:45 讨论
17:15 结束
7月21日 8:45 如何应用STATA对CGED-Q进行量化分析 陈必佳
9:45 应用Python分析CGED-Q中文官仕途的可能性和文官群体仕途的共性 王彦邦、陈煦萌
10:45 休息15分钟
11:00 应用RGIS分析CGED-Q中以县级行政区划为单位的文官系统规律及变化 张梦迪
12:00 指导使用R, STATA和Python分析数据和相关问题答疑
12:30 午餐
14:00 CGED-Q的记录连接和其他相关议题:
15:00 文官系统中有科名的官员及旗人官员 陈必佳
15:45 清朝的回避制度 任玉雪
16:15 冲繁疲难和地方官员的任职 胡恒
16:45 讨论
17:30 结束
7月22日 9:00


学员将被分成小组,运用R, Python或STATA进行简单的分析
10:00 休息15分钟
10:15 分享和讨论
12:15 闭幕式
12:30 结束


马  敏      华中师范大学

彭南生      华中师范大学

李中清      香港科技大学

康文林      香港科技大学

付海晏      华中师范大学

胡  恒      中国人民大学清史研究所

阚红柳      中国人民大学清史研究所

胡  迪      南京师范大学

任玉雪      上海交通大学

陈必佳      香港科技大学

任韵竹      香港科技大学

陈煦萌      香港科技大学

张梦迪      香港科技大学

王彦邦      香港科技大学

吴艺贝      上海交通大学

杨  莉      上海交通大学

Updated version of CGED-Q 1900-1912 Jinshenlu Public Release available for download

We prepared a new version of the CGED-Q 1900-1912 Jinshenlu Public Release that removes leading and trailing blank spaces from all fields. The blank spaces were introduced during the data entry process and are unnecessary. Users previously had to remove them with the trim command in STATA or the equivalent in R or whatever other package they were using.

We have also prepared a version of the release where all the column headings/variables names are in pinyin rather than Chinese characters. We learned that R and possibly some other packages have trouble with Unicode variable names.

The files are available at the usual download sites.


Renmin University:

China Government Employee Database – Qing (CGED-Q) 1900-1912 Jinshenlu records available for download

We have made available a ‘beta’ version of the China Government Employee Database – Qing (CGED-Q) 1900-1912 Jinshenlu public release that includes data and documentation. The release consists of 638,152 records of 50,049 officials (based on our linkage) recorded in 43 quarterly editions. For more details, including links for downloading the data, please visit our CGED-Q Project Page.

The final, formal release will be in October. Until then, we will be updating data and documentation as problems are identified.

2019 Summer Workshop Introducing the 1900-1912 Jinshenlu Public Release

The Lee-Campbell group at HKUST in cooperation with the Institute of Qing History at Renmin University and the Institute of History and Culture at Central China Normal University is organizing a workshop to introduce the first public release from our China Government Employee Database-Qing (CGED-Q) database.

Civil officials according to whether they are Qiren or civilian, and serving in the capital or outside the capital, between 1900 and 1912. Constructed with the CGED-Q.

The initial release will consist of roughly 600,000 records of 60,000 civil officials who were recorded in the quarterly editions of the jinshenlu (缙绅录) between 1900 and 1912. Along with accompanying documentation, it will be available for download in May 2019 at sites at Renmin University and HKUST. In the coming years, the Lee-Campbell group plans to release all of the data, which at present consists of approximately 3.2 million records.

For additional information about the workshop, please see the announcement at the Renmin University Institute for Qing History website.

For an introduction to the CGED-Q, please see this project page at the Lee-Campbell Group website.

Construction and public release of the CGED-Q database has been supported by RGC GRF 16601718 and 16400114.


Paper on Banner officials in the Qing civil service 1900-1912 published in 清史研究

Our student Bijia Chen’s lead-authored paper on Banner officials in the Qing civil service between 1900 and 1912 recently appeared in 清史研究 (Studies in Qing History). The paper is titled 清末新政前后旗人与宗室官员的官职变化初探——以《缙绅录》数据库为材料的分析 (The Transition of Banner and Imperial Lineage Officials During the Late Qing Reform Period: Evidence from the Qing Jinshenlu Database) and examines how officials who were Bannermen were affected by the reforms and other changes in the New Government period (新政时期). The paper is available for download here:

The paper makes use of the China Government Employee Database-Qing (CGED-Q) which we are constructing from the 缙绅录 and related materials. More detail about this project is available here.

New Article on Changes in the Social and Geographic Origins of China’s Educated Elites (1865-2014) Published in 《社会学研究》

Lee-Campbell group members Chen Liang, Hao Dong, Yunzhu Ren and James Lee published an article 江山代有才人出——中国教育精英的来源与转变 (Social Transformation and Elite Education: Changes in the Social and Geographic Origins of China’s Educated Elites 1865-2014) in the May 2017 issue of 《社会学研究》 (the Chinese-language journal Sociological Studies). Using data from the China Government Employee Database-Qing (CGED-Q) and the China University Student Dataset – Republic of China and Peoples Republic of China (CUSD-ROC and CUSD-PRC) they contrast the profound changes in social and geographic origins of China’s educated elite in four distinct periods: 1865-1905, 1906-1952, 1953-2003, and 2004-2014. They conclude that these fundamental transformations reflect the ability of the Chinese system of educational testing to legitimate new elites in different eras with different recruitment criteria, rather than merely to reproduce the intergenerational transmission of existing elites, as is the case of elite education in many other parts of the world.

The English and Chinese language abstract as well as a PDF of the paper (in Chinese) are available for download here:

New Online Search Function for Records of Officials in the 缙绅录 Made Publicly Accessible

We’ve made it possible to search the database of records for Qing officials that we are constructing from the 缙绅录, which was a sort of personnel directory published every three months (!) during the Qing, and listed approximately 13,000-15,000 officials each time, depending on the edition. We also have some editions of 中樞備覽 which list military officials. To learn more about the China Government Employee Database – Qing (CGED-Q), including our plans for the future, please visit our project page. We also have a paper in Chinese describing the database.

If you would like to look anyone up, perhaps an ancestor who served as an official, or someone you are already conducting research on, please give it a try: Note that at present, it doesn’t work with Firefox.

All we ask is that if you have additional information on whoever you search for, please provide some details and your contact information in the form that shows up below the search results. We are particularly interested in years of birth and death, and names of ancestors.

We were inspired to do this because we had already begun fielding informal requests from people who asked us if we could find their ancestors, and wanted to make this more widely available.

Fu Siwei, a PhD student in computer science who is working with us on visualization of these and other historical databases, did this search facility as a side project. Lawrence Zhang, Bijia Chen, and other members of the research group provided a lot of feedback on various iterations.

Right now we’re only allowing for lookup of individuals. Following our standard practice, we will begin making the data publicly available, period by period. Our first release will be of late Guangxu and early Xuantong material, sometime in 2018.

Disclaimers and caveats

We’re still entering data. Right now our coverage of the early 20th century and late 19th century is the most complete. Coverage before the middle of the 19th century is pretty spotty.

It’s in Chinese, and for the search, you need to enter traditional Chinese, since that’s the way the original data is.